Economy

LEADING PRINCIPLE

We wish to see the province of Quebec develop itself in with a strong state, while being coherent and thoughtful. For too long, public investments in the province focused on short term objectives and crisis management. It is time to think ahead and identify the needs for long term projects. We need to optimize the use of our resources. Many brilliant ideas start in Quebec but are never put in place : combining students and elders residencies, using the wasted energy of plants to heat the houses surrounding them, etc. Lets prepare Quebec for tomorrow, where the future is green, collective and efficient.

ECONOMIC JUSTICE

The Green party adheres to a ecosocialist vision of society. It includes quality services for the entire population while protecting the environment. We are very concerned about rising inequalities and recognize the need to build an egalitarian society.

MINIMUM WAGE - 15$/HOUR

The Green Party of Quebec supports the rapid increase of minimum wage to attain 15$/h by the spring of 2019. This increase would be combined with an update of  the labour laws, to prohibit employers from cutting employees benefits to finance the increase in wages. The minimum wage would be indexed to inflation after spring 2019.

MINIMUN GARANTEED REVENU- ERADICATE POVERTY IN QUÉBEC

The Green Party proposes to implement a guaranteed minimum revenu of 1200$ per month to assure no quebecers are still living in poverty. This amount would be increased for people who suffer from a physical handicap or a disease. The measure would eventually replace the social-welfare program. All residents would be admissible without any restraints. There would be a 600$ work exemption for people who wish to work part-time, while still having access t0 the program.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES - WORKING HOURS REDUCTION

In Quebec and everywhere around the world, new technology reduces the needs of human work-force in the private and public sector. As productivity increases, companies produce even more. Artificial intelligence will accelerate this phenomenon and, as a society, we need to make an important choice. Are we going to use the technological advances as a mean to produce more goods, or are we going to take this opportunity to reduce working hours?

Studies show that a reduction in working hours increases productivity, which is a big economical advantage for companies. Furthermore, stress levels, days off due to sickness and burnouts have a tendency to diminish once the number of hours is reduced. Unemployment rates will also decrease and citizens will have more time to participate in community events, take care of themselves and their family while diminishing their ecological impact.

The Green Party wishes to reduce the weekly working hours to attain 32 hours in 2022.

To comply with the newly established rules, companies will have to maintain weekly salaries at the same rate as they would for employees who would be working 40h per week.

The Green Party is part of a global movement that is working towards reducing working hours and increase the well-being of the population. Quebec’s population is getting older, and it is important to ensure that everyone has the right amount of time to take care of their family. It is also important to give the time to people to invest themselves in their communities and enjoy life.

RIGHT TO BE DISCONNECTED

We believe that reducing the hours needs to be combined with the right to be disconnected. This measure, already in place in many countries, would help to fight against professional exhaustion, and would help citizens to enjoy fully their time off.

HISTORY OF WEEKLY WORKING HOURS IN QUEBEC

Historically, weekly working hours have been decreasing since 1976. Nonetheless, this tendency has reversed in the recent past. The Green Party would like to diminish to 32h in 2022.  

1976 : 45 hours

1st April 1980 - 30 September 1996 : 44 hours

1st  October 1997 : 43 hours

1st  October 1998 : 42 hours

1st  October 1999 : 41 hours

1st  October 2000 until today: 40 hours

RIGHT TO BE DISCONNECTED

We believe that reducing the hours needs to be combined with the right to be disconnected. This measure, already in place in many countries, would help to fight against professional exhaustion, and would help citizens to enjoy fully their time off.

RIGHT TO LODGING AND SOCIAL LODGING

The Green Party of Quebec supports the idea of building 50 000 units of social lodging every year. We believe that every citizen has the right to affordable secure and sanitary lodging. We also support a reform of tenants rights to guarantee that owners have the obligation to keep the units in a good state at every moment. We are also against ghettoisation, we wish not to see those lodging units concentrated in a particular area. We also need to use the construction of the social lodging units to help homeless people.  

WORK AND IMMIGRATION

The Green Party of Quebec would like to integrate and facilitate the access to jobs for immigrants. Subsidies for companies would be linked the respect of hiring quotas for immigrants or racial groups. This measure would be applied in regions where we find higher proportions of immigrants (Greater Montreal Area). SMEs would have to respect the quotas or made an effort to respect the rate.  

ESTABLISH A NEW WEALTH INDEX

The Green Party would like to use a new way to measure wealth. It would combine the Green GDP, Human Development Index (HDI) Social Health Index and the environmental footprint. It would allow a greater comprehension of the wealth in the province.

VOLUNTEERING RECOGNITION

We propose that cultural, environmental or social economy non-profit organisation should be able to give a tax credit receipt for social involvement. It would promote and encourage volunteering. It would also help to fill the growing needs of the sector and would also offer a great economical advantage for the province.

MODIFY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS TO MAKE THEM SUSTAINABLE AND EQUAL

At the moment, the big consumers of electricity in Quebec very little for electricity, in fact they pay less than regular consumers. This situation needs to be addressed. Hydro-Quebec belongs to the people of Quebec, not to the giants of the private sector. The Green Party of Quebec would like to offer a basic amount of free electricity to every citizen, and only charge when consumption is superior to that quantity. This policy would discourage overconsumption while helping to reduce the fiscal burden for residential consumers. For companies that use lots of electricity, tariffs would be raised significantly.  

LOTTERY

Reduce the amount of sales location and lottery machines.

FIGHT FOR RENEGOTIATION OF TRADE AGREEMENTS

Trade agreements have pros and cons. Globalization has many harmful effects on the environment. In particular, GHG associated with transports of merchandise over long distances. The Green Party of Quebec supports the renegotiation of many of those trade agreements to protect local businesses, circular economy, local alimentation and the environmental realities of our era. We also encourage practices that support ethical trade. Political and economical issues need to be treated together. Consequently, governments need to respect their values when they are trading.

ADJUST FINES TO THE REVENU OF THE OFFENDER

In many countries like Finland, fines are adapted to the revenu of the offender. This measure brings equality to a system that punishes harshly the low income people at the moment.  In this system, the fine to be paid would be in the form of the revenu for a certain number of days, depending on the infraction. This policy would help to reduce the inequalities of our justice system that is often biais.

INCREASE STATE REVENUE

CARBON TAX- LARGE INDUSTRIES

To help reduce GHG, The green Party of Quebec would like to implement a carbon tax. It would replace the Carbon Market that is in place at the moment. With a Green government, the carbon tax would  increase to 100$ for a ton of CO2 and would increase 20$/year (adjusted to inflation) until 2050 before being reevaluated. The carbon tax would therefore attain 720$ in 2050 (adjusted to inflation). This gradual and constant increase would give the opportunity to companies to reach carboneutrality by 2050. The tax would also be calculated for goods that are consumed in Quebec but are produced elsewhere. The money raised would solely be used for the fight against climate change and the energy transition.

FUEL TAX

To reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, a Green government would impose a 25% tax on fuel. It would allow the government to raise 3 billion dollars in revenue. This amount would be invested in the Green Fund of Quebec and would help to finance the energy transition, large public transit projects and energy efficiency programs that would all contribute to reduce our dependence to fossil fuels.

INCREASE LICENSE PLATE FEES

The Green Party supports an increase of the fees for all vehicles. This increase would be more prominent for SUVs and residents of urban areas that live close to public transport facilities. The tariffs would be adjusted to the size of the vehicle and the residential location of the owner.

We also support a significant increase on luxurious vehicles taxes (planes, boats and cars). Quebec has a license plate fee of 1% of the value over 40 000$ for luxury vehicles since 1998. This rate progresses only very slowly, and consequently the green Party would raise it to 5%.

ECO-RENOVATION PROGRAM

At the moment, Quebec faces a major problem : the inefficient buildings in energy consumption. It increases our consumption of electricity and fossil fuels. It is time to renovate the buildings in Quebec.

The Green party proposes a vast program to increase the energy efficiency of our buildings. A better insulation of the buildings being the number one priority, the program would be followed by investment in geothermal energy, windmills, etc. I would create numerous quality jobs in Quebec, reduce our energy consumption and modernize infrastructure in Quebec.

ECOTAX- REDUCE CONSUMPTION AND RECYCLE BETTER

At the moment, waste management in Quebec is deplorable. Companies have difficulty to finance the recycling operations and the state needs to intervene to ensure a healthy management of the…. The Green Party of Quebec would increase the eco taxes already in place and would apply it to a greater number of products. This measure aims to reduce our global consumption of new products and guarantee the ecological recycling of products.

INDUSTRIAL RECYCLING

In Quebec, the vast majority of our waste is not treated adequately. Electronic devices, cars, cellphones, fluocompact light bulbs and batteries are good examples of poorly recycled products in Quebec. Although the government already put an ecotax in place, the Green Party believes it is time to expand the program to cover every products that can be recycled. It would create jobs in the province in a promising industry and would allow the expertise to be exported around the world.  

REDUCTION OF SUBSIDIES TO LARGE COMPANIES

In Quebec, companies benefit from generous subsidies that go against the free-market principle, praised by the government. It allows money from taxpayers to be directly transferred to private companies. The Green Party of Quebec wishes to transfer those subsidies and invest it in the energy transition.

ABOLISH SUBSIDIES TO FOSSIL FUELS, GAS AND MINES

The government spends millions of dollars to support fuel, gas and mining companies in Quebec. The Green Party of Quebec opposes those subsidies that are given according to the neoliberal principles and harms the healthy management of public funds.

INCREASING MINING FEES

In Quebec, billions of dollars are given to the private sector in the form of mining rights although the government doesn’t receive any significant return on the investment. The Green Party of Quebec believes that mining companies should pay 50% of their revenue in taxes. The rate at the moment turns around 1-2%. The increased revenu would allow the government to provide quality public services, fight against poverty and facilitate the energy transition.  

INCREASE ELECTRICITY EXPORTS

Quebec is a major producer of hydro-electricity and now posseses a humongous energy production capacity. The Green Party wishes to make the building more energy efficient by numerous targeted investments. Those programs, combined with an increase of production in geothermal and windmills electricity, would increase our capacity to export our electricity surplus. The money raised would be invested directly in energy efficiency programs.

RAISE TAXES FOR THE WEALTHY

The Green Party would like to increase the number of tax brackets. There would be a bracket for every 10 000$ increase, to help tax the people who make more than 120 000$ annually. The increased number of brackets would help to target the taxes on the wealthy. The increased rates would not exceed 75% for the wealthiest and everyone making more than 100 000$ would not see their taxes raised.

RAISE TAXES FOR LARGE COMPANIES

The Green Party proposes to triple the provincial taxes for large companies to reach 35%. This policy would level the field between large companies and citizens. Nonetheless, the party would not raise taxes on SMEs, and commits to help them grow with subsidies and tax credits. It would also help to develop cooperatives that follow a new business model that promotes sharing the profits within their communities.

SPENDING OPTIMIZATION FOR THE ROAD NETWORK

The drastic change towards public transport would help reduce the number of vehicles on the roads in Quebec. We need to invest to raise the quality of our roads and highways, to make them more durable, and reduce the cost of maintenance. To do so, a Green government would fund a study to find the best ways to build and optimize the most efficient road network possible.

APPLY THE QUEBEC SALES TAX ONLINE

At the moment, many companies operating online do not pay any sales tax like all the local businesses do. The situation therefore benefits the giant online companies and harm local businesses. To level the playing field, the Green Party would start collecting the sales tax for every online sales, including products and services. Companies like Netflix would consequently have to start to pay the QST.

CAPITAL TAX ON FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

The green Party of Quebec supports a 1.5 % tax per year on the capital of financial institutions. It would help generate revenues of more than 500 millions per year and would be used to finance free tuition, from kindergarten to university.

INCREASE STATE REVENUE BY TAXING CANNABIS SALES

The legalisation process of marijuana has started, but the legislation surrounding producers is still very constraining. The new legislation will keep the producers criminals by definition and will give big companies the access to dominate the legal market. Also, it is very unlikely that the quantity produced legally will be able to meet the demand. The black market will still be flourishing and the state will be deprived from millions of dollars of tax revenue. The Green Party proposes to increase the number of legal producers and sellers to increase its revenue while helping to decentralize the industry.

STOP TAX HAVENS

Quebec loses 700 millions of tax revenue every year because of tax havens. To help solve the problem, the Green Party would quadruple the budget of the Action Plan 2017 to fight against tax havens to attain 40 millions. This investment would easily be reimbursed by the amounts recovered.

CULTURE

The budget for culture ministry is often seen as a spending although it is a big source of revenue.  We wish to make culture a pillar of our economy by giving it its rightful place. Quebec’s culture is rich, shines across the world, and is a big source of national and international tourism. We need to reinvest in the industry to truly benefit from this sector.

The culture industry is one of the few that can use efficiently funds that are being invested, with a small administrative fee. Also, those investments usually translate to a raise of job levels.

For every dollar invested in culture, 2.70$ dollar is made (Finances of Performing Arts Organizations). It is an industry with an incredible economical potential.

The Culture Satellite reported in 2010 : « the economic benefits directly linked to the culture industry were estimated at 12.8 billion dollar, contributing 4.1% to Quebecs GDP, putting Quebec in the first place in the country. The different cultural industries created 175 000 jobs in the province, representing 4.5% of all jobs.

For the years 2009-2010, the government expenses in culture represented 1 billion dollar and generated more than 10 times that amount in economical benefits.

Therefore, we support the idea proposed by «La culture, le coeur du Quebec» to raise the budget allowed for culture from 1.1% to 2% of the budget.

PUBLICITY TAX

We propose to finance the increase of culture budget by raising a tax on publicity for large companies. It would allow to adequately finance the Cultural industry while helping to fight overconsumption.

SINGLE TAX RETURN

To reduce the bureaucratic burden of Quebecers, the Green Party would simplify the tax return forms. It would consist of a single tax return form, combining the federal and provincial forms. It would allow the state to save 400 millions and simplify greatly the life of many citizens.

MAJOR INVESTMENTS

FINANCE THE ENERGY TRANSITION

The energy transition will have positive impacts in the whole province, in the present, but also for future generations. Green infrastructure will however bring important spendings to the governments. We propose to invest in Quebec’s future, partly by raising State’s revenue even if it means to a few short term deficits. It is a worthy investment because a complete energy transition will reduce transportation costs, energy costs and many more sectors.

ELIMINATE POVERTY IN QUEBEC- MINIMUM GUARANTEED REVENUE

The Green Party of Quebec would like to eliminate the poverty in the province by giving a minimal guaranteed revenue of 14 000$ per person (including kids). Elders and people affected by a handicap would see their allowance rise to 20 000$.

To break social isolation and facilitate integration to the job market, the party supports an exemption of 8000$ per year without affecting the allowance.

FAST, EFFICIENT AND FREE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

The Green party supports a significant transition towards public transport, combined with a major expansion of the services. Our plan consists of an intercity high-speeds trains network, metro network development, tramways, buses and suburban trains.

We believe that it is the best way to reduce our emissions of greenhouse gases and the overconsumption associated with private cars. Also, it is an investment that  would create many quality jobs and use the full potential of the savoir-faire of Quebec.

We would need qualified workers to occupy those long term jobs. The public transport expansion would also benefit the employers of the private sector with a mobile population that doesn’t suffer from traffic congestion that harm productivity and our economy.

WASTE WATER AND ORGANIC WASTE TREATMENT

In Quebec, the treatment for waste water is inadequate. A large amount of treatment centers burn the sludge with fossil fuels and discharge contaminants in our rivers and streams. The Green Party would like to revolutionize waste management centers to produce renewable energy and organic products from our waste.  

MASSIVE EDUCATION AND HEALTH INVESTMENTS

Neoliberal austerity has devastated in our public services. Considering our consistently ageing population, it is time to invest to fix the damages that has already been done. The Green PArty of Quebec wishes to reinvest in education and health services to provide quality public services to the entire population.

RECYCLING AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT

The state of recycling in Quebec is deplorable. Waste management centers are not well equipped to deal with cardboard, glass and the vast majority of the other recycled materials. To rectify the situation, the Green Party wishes to invest in the treatment of waste with an ecotax. This measure would benefit the recycling industry, reduce our consumption and help develop a circular economy with targeted investments.

SUPPORT COOPERATIVES AND COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS

Cooperatives and community organisations are pillars of autonomous, supportive and dynamic communities. The Green Party of Quebec believes that the government should put more efforts into supporting cooperatives and communities.

NATIONAL PROJECTS

While the Green Party believes in the free-market, in the private sector and knows that perfect financial equality is impossible for the whole population, we believe that the private sector should be more regulated. Nationalizing certain industries would be advantageous for the citizens of Quebec. Here are our projects for our first mandate :

NATIONALISE THE FORESTRY INDUSTRY ON PUBLIC LAND

For decades, the government has given public land to private companies for private exploitation, without receiving any significant benefits. The Green Party wishes to nationalise the exploitation.

NATIONALISE PUBLIC TRANSPORT

Public transport are public services that should be managed with the public interest in mind. While the vast majority of public transports is nationalised, the privatisation of the REM is a blatant example of the effect of neoliberal policies on the public sector. The Green Party believes that it would be beneficial to keep those infrastructures under public control to allow a better planification with public interest in mind. It would also avoid the obligation to perceive a fee, a practice that diminishes public transport use.

TELECOM-QUEBEC CREATION

The Green Party supports the idea of putting a public organisation in charge of telecommunications to offer a low-cost service to citizens and companies. This public company would be mandated to provide internet, telephone, and cellular services in every regions with lower costs. In 2018, internet access is a fundamental right , not an expensive privilege. Status quo means that prices stay very high and the service is not adequate in many communities.  

CORNUCOPIA PROJECT

The Green Party supports the implementation of a national network of small-scale greenhouses. This network, that would be publicly owned and managed by community organisations, would be mandated to provide low-cost food to locals. This national agricultural project would be powered by Hydro-Quebec. It would cover all regions of Quebec, and would be the first step to fight capitalist practices in the food industry.

Green Party of Quebec